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Geaton and JoAnn DeCesaris Cancer Center Institute Cancer Registry 2013 Annual Report

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Head and Neck Oncology Program

Oncologists treat head and neck cancers differently than other types of cancers because of their location in the very sensitive, small canals of the mouth, nose, throat and neck.  Because the treatments usually involve surgery and radiation, other healthy tissues in the head and neck can be affected, causing functional as well as cosmetic trauma to the area. 

At our Head and Neck Oncology program, our doctors work with teams of surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, reconstructive plastic surgeons, and pathologists to collaborate on treatment plans and manage your care. We balance the need to treat the cancer with the importance of maintaining the function of your head and neck, as well as your cosmetic appearance.

Head and Neck Cancer Treatment in Annapolis, Maryland

Our doctors diagnose and treat cancers of the head and neck region, including:

Other specialists, such as prosthodontists, plastic surgeons, physical therapists, and members of our patient and family services team may also be involved in treatment and follow-up.

Expert Head and Neck Cancer Treatment

At our Program, each patient is evaluated based on sophisticated imaging tests to ascertain the location and size of the carcinoma. Facial plastic surgeons work closely in conjunction with head and neck surgeons and radiation oncologists to plan the best approach to eradicating the tumor, while still maintaining the patient’s appearance and full function of the head and neck. Our radiation oncologists use specialized radiation techniques to spare healthy tissues, and our reconstructive plastic surgeons use microvascular plastic surgery techniques during facial reconstruction after treatment.

All of our head and neck cancer patients have access to a nurse navigator, a registered nurse who can fully explain the cancer treatment process and discuss all of the different treatment and reconstructive options. Head and neck cancer patients also find support groups very helpful as well as nutrition services and speech therapy, as they may need to learn eat and speak differently during treatment.

Head and Neck Cancer Clinical Trials

Our physicians are involved in a wide variety of research opportunities and clinical trials, giving our patients access to cutting-edge technologies and treatment offerings. Patients have the option to participate in research conducted at AAMC and at other locations across the nation.

In addition, the Anne Arundel Health System Research Institute has been named the inaugural affiliate of the Johns Hopkins Clinical Research Network. The network’s goal is to allow patients at regional health systems such as AAMC to benefit from their advances in areas such as diagnostic, treatment, and disease prevention. This affiliation gives our patients access to authoritative clinical research and an even wider range of options in patient care. Learn more about our research.

Head and Neck Cancers We Treat

Lip and Oral Cavity cancer

This cancer forms in tissues of the oral cavity (the mouth), or oropharynx (throat at the back of the mouth). ↑ Top

Hypopharyngeal cancer

This cancer forms in tissues of the pharynx (the hollow tube inside the neck that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the windpipe and esophagus). Throat cancer includes cancer of the nasopharynx (the upper part of the throat behind the nose), the oropharynx (the middle part of the pharynx), and the hypopharynx (the bottom part of the pharynx). Cancer of the larynx (voice box) may also be included as a type of throat cancer. Most throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells that look like fish scales). Also called pharyngeal cancer.↑ Top

Laryngeal cancer

This cancer that forms in tissues of the pharynx (the hollow tube inside the neck that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the windpipe and esophagus). Throat cancer includes cancer of the nasopharynx (the upper part of the throat behind the nose), the oropharynx (the middle part of the pharynx), and the hypopharynx (the bottom part of the pharynx). Cancer of the larynx (voice box) may also be included as a type of throat cancer. Most throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells that look like fish scales). Also called pharyngeal cancer.↑ Top

Nasopharyngeal cancer

This cancer forms in tissues of the pharynx (the hollow tube inside the neck that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the windpipe and esophagus). Throat cancer includes cancer of the nasopharynx (the upper part of the throat behind the nose), the oropharynx (the middle part of the pharynx), and the hypopharynx (the bottom part of the pharynx). Cancer of the larynx (voice box) may also be included as a type of throat cancer. Most throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells that look like fish scales). Also called pharyngeal cancer.↑ Top

Oropharyngeal cancer

This cancer  forms in tissues of the pharynx (the hollow tube inside the neck that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the windpipe and esophagus). Throat cancer includes cancer of the nasopharynx (the upper part of the throat behind the nose), the oropharynx (the middle part of the pharynx), and the hypopharynx (the bottom part of the pharynx). Cancer of the larynx (voice box) may also be included as a type of throat cancer. Most throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells that look like fish scales). Also called pharyngeal cancer.↑ Top

Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity cancer

This cancer arises in the head or neck region (in the nasal cavity, sinuses, lips, mouth, salivary glands, throat, or larynx [voice box]).↑ Top

Salivary Gland cancer

This cancer arises in the head or neck region (in the nasal cavity, sinuses, lips, mouth, salivary glands, throat, or larynx [voice box]). ↑ Top

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