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Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Disease

At Anne Arundel Medical Center, our cardiologists use the best medical technology to diagnose and treat cardiovascular disease. There are many types of heart disease and conditions that can block blood flow to your heart and other areas of your body. The most common is coronary artery disease, which can cause heart attack, severe chest pain, heart failure, and irregular heartbeat or arrhythmia.

Heart disease can be diagnosed in several ways by a cardiologist who specializes in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Cardiologists first will look at your risk factors, medical history, family history and perform a physical exam. If necessary, several tests may be necessary for a more thorough evaluation including:

Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or treated with healthy lifestyle choices.

What is cardiac catheterization?
Cardiac catheterization involves inserting a thin, flexible tube called a catheter into a blood vessel and threading it to the heart. Through the catheter, doctors can do diagnostic tests inside the heart itself.

What is the purpose of a cardiac catheterization?
Cardiac catheterization is designed to give you and your doctor a better understanding of what is causing your problem, as well as provide vital information on how you can be treated. Cardiac catheterization can be used to:

What can I expect during my cardiac catheterization procedure?
Though it may sound complex, cardiac catheterization is a relatively simple procedure that can be performed on an outpatient basis. It's done while you are lying on your back but awake.

After medicine is given to help you relax, the doctor inserts the catheter through an artery or vein in your groin, arm or neck. Once the test is complete, the catheter is removed and pressure is applied to the area to prevent bleeding. After a period of bed rest-from several hours to overnight-you're usually allowed to return home.

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